History of Physicists: Brief Overview




The presence of the word ‘why’ in any question expresses our curiosity. And of course, our curiosity leads us to discover new facts. If Newton did not have the curiosity to know about “Why did Apple fall down?” Then maybe we could have delayed knowing the existence of gravity. The great physicist Albert Einstein admitted that


“There is no particular quality inside me. I am such a person, which is full of curiosity. “


This is not a confession but a message to human society that the invention of new facts comes only from curiosity. And indeed, curiosity is the mother of physics. ‘The desire to know something’ only makes us feel physics. And in the question, the presence of the word ‘how’ expresses our imaginations. And our imagination takes us to the depths of physics. Sir Isaac Newton, who is called the father of physics and the great physicist, has said that


“Whatever I have given to this world today, my imagination is the result of power.”


Both of these examples are appropriate for us to understand that physics inspires our curiosity and it has extended imagination power.


“Physics is the source of a specific study of the universe and all the actions it takes in it. Which always gives us the message of being curious and imaginative. “


Physics, which is touching new heights today, is trying to completely transform and preserve human society, due to its great physicists like Newton, Galileo, Kepler, Einstein and Stephen Hawking. The history of discoveries and successes in physics is based on the history of these great physicists.

Let us recapitulate the history of these physicists by giving them the title of the history of physics, based on their curious and imaginative life, once again their works in physics.

The existence of physics is older than the period of Aryabhata in human society, which studies the certified stars and galaxies. The real age of physics started from the time of Newton because they tried to preserve their discoveries and bring the writing in front of the world in front of the world and gave physics a new direction of progress. But even before the era of Newton, some of the physicists who have been physicists contributed immensely.


Let us discuss our studies with the works of some great physicists starting from the era of Newton: 


download-2 History of Physicists: Brief OverviewGalileo Galilei (15 February 1564 – 8 January 1627)

Great physicists such as Aristotle, Ibn al-Haytham, and Archimedes laid the foundations of physics, but Galileo Galilei pushed it forward.Galileo Galilei was an Italian physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher; Who laid the foundations of modern scientific revolution He was born on February 15, 1564, and died on 8 January 1642.

Galileo Galilei’s achievements include the construction of advanced telescope and astronomical observations and the principles of Copernicus. Galileo is honored with the father of modern astronomy, father of modern physics, father of modern science.

Contribution to physics

Galileo, who was called the father of the modern astronomical and experimental physics, contributed immensely in physics.

For the first time, through its experiments, the ‘nonlinear relationship’ was rendered to show that the frequency derived from the plagiarism is proportional to the square of the stress of the strained door.
They made it more powerful by improving it.
He also tried to measure the speed of light.
Galileo is the only theory of insect.
He also studied acceleration in the field of motion and gave correct mathematical equation.
In 1632, he interpreted the tide of the motion of the earth.



Nicholas Copernicus (19 February 1473-24, May 1543)



download-2 History of Physicists: Brief OverviewBirthday of two contemporary great astronomers in the world is in February, Nicholas Copernicus and Galileo Galilei. Nicholas Copernicus was born in Poland on February 19, 1473, almost a century before Galileo.

Nicholas Copernicus is the first European astronaut who made the Earth out of the center of the universe. I.e. the theory of heliocentrism, in which the center of the universe was the sun without the earth. Before this, the entire Europe believed in Aristotle’s model, in which the earth was the center of the universe, and the sun, stars and other objects were rounding around it. Copernicus denied this.

Copernicus’ book “De Revolutionibus” was published in 1530, in which he said that the earth revolves around its axis in one day, and completes the orbital journey of the Sun in one year. Copernicus created “Prutenic Tables” to find the position of stars which became quite popular among other astronomers.

Contribution to physics

In 1530 Copernicus’ book ‘The Revolutions’ was published. Wherein he told

He told that the earth is not the center of the universe and all the spheres (the asteroid) revolve around the sun, so the sun is the center of the universe.
The speed that we see in the sky is actually due to the motion of the Earth.



Rene Descartes (March 31, 1596-11, February 1650)



download-2 History of Physicists: Brief OverviewRenaissance was a French mathematician, physiologist, physiologist, and philosopher.

Mathematics is the best contribution to the biological geometry. 1637 AD In his “Discours de la Methode”, he also had a 106-page essay on geometry. He also invented some rules of equation theory, in which “the rule of marks” is very famous.

Contribution to Physics:

In the field of optical physics, he explained the rules of enlightenment of light and discovered the angle of the blind.



Johannes Kepler (December 21, 1571-15, November 1630)



download-2 History of Physicists: Brief OverviewKepler was born on the Bile-der-Stads place near the town called Stuttgart, Germany. He graduated from Tuebingen University. He got the place of a professor at the University of Great Britain in 1594. The German Emperor Rudolf II was appointed as the assistant of the culprit Tyco Bra, 1601 e and became the culprit after the death of Braa. He published his arrangements in astrological mathematics in 1609 o ‘De Motibus Stellae Martis’ and in ‘1613’ in ‘De Harmonia Mundi’. In these, they had to render the rules of the planetary system. In the first two of these following principles of planetary, managing and third theories are presented in another arrangement:

Everything in the world is not circular. All the planets of the solar system do not rotate the sun in a circular orbit, but the planet walks on a long run, whose son is on the navel.
The vector radius from the sun to the planet is spread in the same area in the same period.
The cube of the distance of any planet to the Sun from the Sun is proportional to the square of the traveling period of that planet.
In addition to the above principles, he mentioned gravity in his first management and also told that the tide in the oceans on Earth comes due to the attraction of the moon. This great mathematician and astronomer died in Prague at 1630 BC at the age of 59.

Contribution to Physics:

He told that around the Sun around the sun, the rotating path of the constellations is oval. And at the periphery of its periphery, the speed of every constellation has a constant change.
Constellation time of the constellation of the constellation also calculated.
Their importance in the field of light of the light of light and vision of human eyesight is very important.
They presented the foundation of drafting the Darbaban as rules.
The tide also presented the correct reason for the rear.
And then in the physical world, a great physiologist was born, who pursued the discoveries of all these.



Sir Isaac Newton (December 25, 1642-20, March 1727)



download-2 History of Physicists: Brief OverviewSir Isaac was a scientist of Newton England. Who discovered the principle of rule and motion of gravity. He was a great mathematician, physical scientist, astrology, and philosopher. Their research form “Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica” was published in 1687, in which the rules of universal guerrillas and motion were explained and thus laid the foundations of the lateral physics (classical physics). His Philosophical Naturally Principia Mathematica, published in 1687, is the most influential book in science history, which plays the role of basic work for most classical mechanics.

In this work, Newton described three rules of universal gravity and motion which had dominated the scientific perspective of the physical universe for the next three centuries. Newton showed that the speed of objects on Earth and the speed of the heavenly bodies are controlled by the same set of natural rules, to reflect it, they established continuity between the chanting of Kepler’s rules of galactic motion and the principle of their gravity. From the last, the last doubts about sun’s centralism and the modernization of the scientific revolution.

Contribution to Physics:

Presents a new formula for the exact value of the pie.
He discovered the gravity force.
The difference between mass and weight presented.
They presented three equations related to speed.
Describe the three rules regarding speed.
After this, there were many great physiologists like Gottfried Leibniz, Alessandro Volta, Daniel Baronie, Andree Marine Emperor, James Prescott, Hood Oregist, Jul, George Om, who changed the world of physics.
After these, some of the great physiologists highlight it.



Michael Faraday (September 22, 1791-27, August 1867)



download-2 History of Physicists: Brief OverviewMichael Faraday was an English physicist and chemist. They invented the magnetic effect of electric current. He studied electromagnetic induction and regulated it. This created dynamos and electric motors. Later, this rule of Faraday was also included in four equations of Gauss’s electromagnetism. Faraday also did a lot of work on electrical chemicals and gave his two rules related to it.

During his lifetime Faraday made many discoveries. In 1831, important discoveries of the theory of electromagnetic induction. Inserting a conductor in the magnetic field creates electro-conveyor force. On this theory, the foundations of generator and modern electrification in the future were laid. He did important work on electrolysis and established the rules of electrolysis, which are called the rules of Faraday. The technical terms used in electrolysis are also known by Faraday. They also succeeded in liquefaction of chlorine gas. Faraday also contributed in the subject of alterations, zoology, rotation of line polarized light in the magnetic field, etc. You have written many books, the most useful book is “Experimental Researches in Electricity”.

Contribution to physics:

He invented magnetic induction by thinking of Oressted’s reverse. And invented mechanical energy ‘Dynamo’, which transforms electrical energy into electrical energy.



Christian Doppler (November 29, 1803-17, March 1853)



download-2 History of Physicists: Brief OverviewWhen a dynamic sound source comes near to us, it appears that the intensity of the sound is increasing and it is decreasing at a distance. This effect of sound was interpreted in 1842 by Austrian physicist Christian Doppler. He said that the sound runs in the form of waves and as it goes near the observer, its frequency increases and gradually decreases when you go away. This effect is now known from “Doppler effect”.

Contribution to physics:

He measured the change in the frequency of the wave speed for the first time.
He studied both the sound and the light waves.
Their Doppler radar was used for weather information.
For the relation between the motion of the earth and other stars, he interpreted the Dapler effect.



Albert Einstein (March 14, 1879-18, April 1955)



download-2 History of Physicists: Brief OverviewNow is the time of the end of the 18th century and the beginning of the 19th century which was the time of the great physicist Albert Einstein.

Albert Einstein, the well-known scientist of human history, has been in the world’s science world for the early twenty years of the 20th century. Based on his findings he gave the principles of space, time and gravitation.

They are known for the theory of relativity and mass-energy equation E = mc2. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1921 for the discovery of theoretical physics, especially light-emitting electrification. Einstein contributed a lot with the special and general theory of relativity. Among his other contributions – relative universe, capricular speed, problem of numerical mechanics, Brownian motion of molecules, mutation probability of molecules, quantum theory of a molecule gas, thermal properties of light with low radiation density, theory of radiation, Integrated field theory and geometry of physics involved. Einstein wrote more than fifty research papers and books separate from science. In 1999, Time Magazine declared the Century-Male. According to a survey they were considered the greatest scientists of all time.

Contribution to physics

Rendering Relativity Theory
His contributions include the relative universe, capillary speed, problem of numerology mechanics, Brownian motion of molecules, mutation probability of molecules, quantum theory of a molecule gas, thermal properties of light with low radiation density, etc. Theories of radiation are included.



Max Planck (23 April 1858 – 4 October 1947)



download-2 History of Physicists: Brief OverviewThe German scientist Max Planck was born on April 23, 1858. After graduation, when he opted for the field of physics, a teacher advised that almost everything has been discovered in this area, so it is useless to work in it. Plunk replied that I want to learn old things only. After going into this area of Planck, there were so many new discoveries in physics that probably did not happen in the last thousand years.

Planck started his research with thermodynamics. He specially worked on the second law of thermodynamics. At the same time, some electric companies kept the problem of building a light source in front of them that could generate maximum light in the minimum energy consumption. This problem led to Plank’s study of radiation. He known the electromagnetic nature of radiation. This is known in such a way that light, radio waves, ultraviolet, infrared are all forms of radiation, which are actually electromagnetic waves.

Plank gave a rule working on the black body radiation, which is known as Vein-Planck Rule. He later found that the results of many experiments came out differently. He re-analyzed his rule and reached a surprising new discovery, called Plank’s Quantum hypothesis. These packets are called Quanta. The energy of every quanta is fixed and depends only on the frequency (color) of the light (radiation). (The formula E = hν where h is the Planck determiner and ν frequency.)

Contribution to physics:

These quantities are called the birthright of physics.
He started his research with thermodynamics.
They discovered the electromagnetic nature of radiation.
He rendered the Vein-Planck Rule.
Quantum told energy.



Warner Heisenberg (1901-1976)



download-2 History of Physicists: Brief OverviewWerner Heisenberg, a German theoretical physicist, is known for his fundamental contribution in quantum mechanics. His given uncertainty theory is now considered to be a cornerstone of quantum mechanics.

Contribution to physics:

He carried forward the thinking of Max Planck and contributed to quantum physics.
He contributed to many areas such as nuclear physics.
Stephens Hawking (8 January 1942-present)

The world of physics has continued to define greatness. The untimely endeavor of understanding the time was done by 20th century great physicist Stephen Hawking.

Stephen William Hawking is a world-renowned physicist, cosmologist, writer and research director of the Center for Theoretical Cosmology at Cambridge University.

Contribution to physics:

Rendering ‘A Brief History of Time’
The theory of ‘black hole’ given to the world.
Are currently researching the alien world.
Their contribution to physics can never be forgotten. These will always be ideal for physics. Now we have to walk on the path of physics that they have passed. We now have to bring physics to new heights. And with us are the great physicists like Hold, Peter Higgs and Stephen Hawking, who are constantly trying to preserve us and physics. We have to win the issue of infinity. Albert Einstein, the great hero of the history of physics, has said that “once we have the knowledge of our limit, we can go beyond it.” This statement tells us that we are unlimited, that our existence is not infinite. And this is also true for physics. Because infinity is the field that overcomes us all the certainties, and everything in physics is certain. We hope that one day we will definitely reach the extent of physics. And will try to cross it, which may have given us the answers to these questions.

Is the universe infinite?
The basis of Big Bags theory, where does that point of origin of the universe come from?
Will we overcome any illusion like time?
What is the border between us and our brain? Are we using our brains in real use?
Are we the most powerful creatures of the universe or the weakest?
Finding the answers to these questions is the purpose of our future which we have to achieve. And I can definitely say that physics will continue to progress in this universe until the ‘desire to know something’ curiosity and imagination will exist.

 

Source: Wikipedia