12 Major Rivers of India
Rivers are not considered to be the only source of water, but many rivers are considered to be goddesses. Many mythological stories are related to them. Actually, there are unique stories associated with each river. From the time of the Vedas, the poets have written about these rivers. Our rivers are also a source of inspiration for us. In spite of this, we all know very little about these rivers. Let me tell you about the 12 rivers of India today…
Table of Contents
Ganges river originates from Gangotri glacier near Gomukh glacier of Uttarakhand. In fact, when the Alaknanda and Devprayag of Bhagirathi river are found, it is called Ganga river. The Yamuna meets with Ganga near Allahabad, which is called Sangam or Prayag. Ganga river flows south-east towards Bangladesh where it is called the Padma. Before meeting in the sea in Bangladesh, Brahmaputra meets the river, its name is Meghna. The total length of river Ganges is 2525 km And in India, it is 2510 km long. The Ganges River creates the world-famous Delta of the Sundarbans in West Bengal. The main river of River Ganga is the Yamuna, Son, Ramganga, Ghaghara, Kosi, Gandak, etc.
Ganga is believed to be Mokshadayini, which is considered to be a goddess whose water is washed away by your water.
Yamuna river is the main river of river Ganga. This river originates from the glacier named Yamunotri of Uttarakhand, which is situated on the hill of Bandarpungh. Large cities like Delhi, Mathura, and Agra are settled along the river Yamuna. It is approximately 1375 km Traveling in the river Ganga in Prayag near Allahabad. The main tributaries of Yamuna river include Tons, Chambal, Betwa, Ken, and Kali Sindh. Yamuna river is considered to be India’s most polluted river.
In Hindu mythology, Yamuna has considered the daughter of Sun God and god of death is Yama’s sister. It is believed that bathing in its holy water gives liberation from the sufferings of death.
The origin of the Brahmaputra river is from Mansarovar lake in Tibet. The origin of this river lies at 5,150 feet above sea level. The Brahmaputra river is known as Sangpo in Tibet and after entering India from Arunachal Pradesh it is called Digha. In Assam, it is known as the Brahmaputra and in Bangladesh, it is called Jamuna. After the confluence of Ganga and Brahmaputra, the combined stream of both is called Meghna. The total length of Brahmaputra river is 2,900 km and in India, it is 916 km long. On this river, Assam is located on the world’s largest river island Majjali Island.
This river originates from the hills of Amarkantak, located in the Vindhyachal Mountains of Madhya Pradesh. It falls in the Gulf of Khambat near Bharuch in Gujarat, which runs a distance of 1312 km west of its origin. The Narmada does not build delta on the river, it creates an aspirari. Indira Sagar project on this river, Omkareshwar project, and Sardar Sarovar project is built.
Chambal river originates from Jaanapao hill near Mahu, located in Indore district of Madhya Pradesh. This river is merged with Madhya Pradesh Rajasthan in the Etawah district of Uttar Pradesh, in Yamuna river. Chambal river length is approximately 950 km. This river creates rocks (pits).
The origin of the Kaveri river is from the hills of Brahmagiri situated in the Kurg district of the state of Karnataka. The famous Shivasamudram waterfall is located in the Kaveri river. This river is 800 km While fixing the distance, it is found in the Bay of Bengal.
The origin of this river is from the Vyas Kund near the Rohtang Pass of the Himalayas. This total length is 470 km While settling in the river Sutlej in Punjab.
The origin of this river is near Multai city of Betul district of Madhya Pradesh. Tapti river flows parallel to the Narmada river on the west and falls in the Gulf of Khambat near Surat in Gujarat. The length of this river is 724 km.
This river originates from Nashik district of Maharashtra. Godavari river is the longest river in South India. Its length is 1465 km is. Due to its large size, this river is known as Ganga of the South and Old Ganges. It crosses the plateau of Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana in the Bay of Bengal.
Chenab river originates from Baralacha passage in Lahaul, Himachal Pradesh. It makes a deep gauge in the Pir Panjal, near the Kishtbarbagh, running parallel to the Pir Panjal. Chenab River length in India is 1180 km is. It goes to Pakistan and joins the river Sutlej.
Krishna river comes out of a waterfall near Mahabaleshwar of Maharashtra. It is found in the Bay of Bengal in various branches near Vijayawada, flowing in Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. The length of this river is 1400 km is. The Nagarjuna Sagar Project on Krishna River and Sri Shailam Project is built.
The river Indus is also called Indus river. This river originates from Mansarovar lake in Tibet. The Indus river is found in the Arabian Sea flowing in Tibet, India, and Pakistan. The total length of river Indus is approximately 2880 km. And it is 992 km in India Is long. The main tributaries of the river Indus are Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Vyas, and Sutlej.
Narendra Kumar Sharma