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MEG-10 Solved Assignment 2021
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MEG-10 Solved Assignment 2021
Submission: 31st March 2021(if enrolled in the July 2020 Session) and 30th Sept, 2021 (if enrolled in the January 2021 session).
English Studies in India
Question 1:Macaulay’s Minute on Indian Education is one of the most significant documents in the history of Indian education. Discuss.
Macaulay’s Minute 1835 had a profound effect on Indian education. His document prompted people in India to recognise the importance of English education and Western scientific understanding. The manifesto argued for the expansion of Western thought and education ( Chaka, 2017). He argued for an increase in funds to support English-language schools. He asked the administration in this minute to educate Western education and science in the English language.
He was also able to convince the government to use the educational fund to promote Western education. His endeavour resulted in the abolition of the Orientalist and Anglicist movements in India. He also oversaw the development of a defined educational strategy, the defining of the value of education, and the dissemination of English knowledge.
Due to their primary objective of profit through commerce and other methods, British education policy in colonial India was first non-existent. Gradually, the corporation understood the value of education and began constructing a few higher education facilities. These study institutions imparted knowledge of Indian topics in languages like as Sanskrit, Arabic, and Persian.Persian was also the court’s official language. The country’s first solid move toward modern education was the 1813 Charter Act. This statute allocated Rs.1 lakh annually for the education of “subjects.” Notably, missionaries had already arrived in the nation and were working in this sector.
According to him, the term ‘Literature’ referred to English literature, whereas the term “educated indigenous of India” referred to Indians who had gained understanding of western science and wisdom.Second, Macaulay described an Indian scholar as one who has studied Lock’s philosophy and Milton’s poetry.Thirdly, terminating the funding to oriental schools means that if the government determines that its previous educational strategy failed, it can alter its course and terminate the grant.Macaulay’s fourth reason was that knowing English will help Indians to do business with faraway nations, as “English is likely to become the language of commerce throughout the East Seas.” The sixth reason was that Indians learning English would be advantageous from an administrative standpoint.
Macaulay’s Minute: A Critique
The following criticisms were levelled against Macaulay’s minute.
They are as follows:
(i) I Macaulay’s assertion that English is the exclusive medium of education is unjustifiable.
(ii) It is erroneous to think that Macaulay was the architect of India’s new educational strategy.
(iii) Other indigenous languages have been overlooked.
(iv) For Indians, his downward filtering hypothesis proved to be more of a failure.
Finally, we may infer that, as a result of English education, Indians gained exposure to Western political systems, gained experience with democratic practises, and developed an awareness of their future obligations and responsibilities. It aided Indians in achieving prosperity following the departure of the English.
MEG-10 Assignment Question Paper
1. Macaulay’s Minute on Indian Education is one of the most significant documents in the history of Indian education. Discuss.
2. Why do you think Michael Madhusudan Dutt abandoned a career of writing in English and begin writing in Bengali? What role do you think does the choice of language play in writing, particularly when one of the available languages enjoys higher social power?
3. Would you agree that Bankim’s Rajmohan’s Wife has a number of melodramatic features? Give reasons for your answer.
4. Bring out the link between language teaching and the study of literary texts.
5. What do you understand by the term ‘decolonisation of the mind’?